No 3 (2020)

DOI https://doi.org/10.18799/24056537/2020/3/273

RESOURCE-EFFECTIVE SOLUTIONS TO ADDRESS HYPOMAGNETIC INFLUENCE ON HUMAN BODY

Relevance: Hypomagnetic conditions have undesirable effects concerning various fields of science and technology. In biology, they cause adverse circumstances, which affect the functioning of living organisms. However, humans experience hypomagnetic fields (HMF) during space exploration, through some branches of production, military objects, and community transport. On the other hand, various high-precision technologies must have or operate under a hypomagnetic field. Aims: We aimed to provide a critical analysis of several ways of preparing hypomagnetic field, differences between hypomagnetic chambers and Helmholtz coils, and review of thematic patents and articles available in the Russian Federation. Methods: We structured and analyzed modern achievements in HMF. Experimental studies on living organisms were evaluated because they show different technical conditions connected to the theme of the hypomagnetic field. Results: Based on this analysis, a new resource-effective technology, which reveals several concerns on the hypomagnetic field, was offered. This technology is essential to be used during preparations for space missions, which require products with special necessities in terms of effectiveness and reliability. Conclusion: We summarized and correlated the results of experiments with possible magnetic conditions, which can occur during space missions and in some military and civil applications. Protection strategies from hypomagnetic conditions were considered. Novel experiments regarding realistic conditions were suggested

Keywords:

Hypomagnetic field, magnetic safety, the Helmholtz coils, hypomagnetic chamber, magnetic screens

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Authors:

M. Kartashova

A. Artamonov

E. Plotnikov

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