VARIOUS ANALYTICAL MODELS FOR SUPERCAPACITORS: A MATHEMATICAL STUDY
Supercapacitors (SCs) are used extensively in high-power potential energy applications like renewable energy systems, electric vehicles, power electronics, and many other industrial applications. This is due to SCs containing high-power density and the ability to respond spontaneously with fast charging and discharging demands. Advancements in material and fabrication techniques have induced a scope for research to improve the application of SCs. Many researchers have studied various SC properties and their effects on energy storage and management performance. In this paper, various fractional calculus-based SC models are summarized, with emphasis on analytical studies from derived classical SC models. Study prevails such parameterized resistor–capacitor networks have simplified the representation of electrical behavior of SCs to deal with the complicated internal structure. Fractional calculus has been used to develop SC models with the aim of understanding their complicated structure. Finally, the properties of different SC models utilized by various researchers to understand the behavior of SCs are listed using an equivalent circuit.
Supercapacitors, Mathematical model, Fractional order, Energy storage
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